Ultimate respiratory system study guide

What did Taylor Swift's right lung say to the left lung?

You belong with meeeee!

The Respiratory System is no joke though, and we've got to be on our A game if we want to learn it well enough to ace the exam.

Here I've included the 6 most important things you need to study for resp, along with a link to great video for each part as well as flashcards to go along with it. Practicing clinical cases is essential to make sure you fully understand the knowledge, so each flashcard set has case scenarios to apply your knowledge with.

Here is the full Respiratory flashcard and clinical case question set that combines the knowledge from all the videos and articles.

Key concepts to know

Anatomy of the Respiratory System
  • Structure and function of the major parts, including the nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, and lungs.

  • Differences between the upper and lower respiratory tracts.

  • The alveoli and their role in gas exchange.

Physiology of Breathing (Ventilation)
  • Mechanics of breathing: including inspiration and expiration.

  • The role of the diaphragm and intercostal muscles in the process of breathing.

  • Understanding of lung volumes and capacities (e.g., tidal volume, residual volume, vital capacity).

Anatomy and Physiology flashcards and clinical case questions

Gas Exchange and Transport
  • The process of gas exchange in the alveoli and the transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the lungs and tissues.

  • The role of hemoglobin in oxygen and carbon dioxide transport.

  • Oxygen dissociation curve and factors affecting oxygen affinity.

Gas exchange flashcards and clinical case questions

Regulation of Respiration
  • Neural control of breathing: central and peripheral chemoreceptors.

  • The role of the medulla oblongata and the pons in regulating respiratory rate and depth.

  • The effect of pH, carbon dioxide, and oxygen levels on respiration.

Regulation of breathing flashcards and case questions

Respiratory System Defenses
  • The role of mucociliary clearance in protecting the respiratory system.

  • The immune defenses of the respiratory system, including the role of macrophages and lymphocytes.

  • Understanding common pathogens that affect the respiratory system and mechanisms of infection and immunity.

Article on the respiratory defense mechanisms

Flashcards and case questions on defense mechanisms

Common Diseases and Disorders of the Respiratory System
  • Overview of common respiratory diseases: asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), pneumonia, tuberculosis, and lung cancer.

  • Signs, symptoms, and basic principles of diagnosis and treatment.

  • The impact of environmental and lifestyle factors on respiratory health, including smoking and air pollution.

Flashcards and case questions on diseases of the Respiratory System

Wisdolia is great at transforming your classroom materials, like your lecture slides or YouTube videos, into top-notch active learning resources, including smart flashcards and clinical case scenarios. What's really helpful is that it provides detailed feedback on your answers, pinpointing precisely what was incorrect, the reason behind it, and even the specific slide your question is based on.

Good luck crushing your Respiratory exam!

If this was helpful, check out our Cardiology study guide when you're in your cardio block!